Apart from population, poverty, pollution, inflation, India suffers from another issue, Traffic Woes, in big cities & metro cities. Traffic ranging from slow moving to sitting in one place for hours! Technology has been developed a lot, and is continuously moving on, how can we use this technology to reduce traffic in India?
Traffic congestion on road networks is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queuing. Vehicle volume is increased exponentially, but the road infrastructure cannot be, that leads to increase traffic congestion.
1. Use of GPS apps like “Google Maps”.
What google maps does is ingeniously show you which route has how much traffic. It colour codes the traffic situation. The colors indicate the speed of traffic on the road compared to free-flowing conditions. For highways, green means there is a normal speed of traffic. The more red the roads become, the slower the speed of traffic on the road. Gray indicates there is no data available. So, check your route when you start your journey, if the route shows red, opt for another route (if applicable). Or it can help you to change your time table too. Ofcourse this has major flaws yet like its not available everywhere, it can misguide at times, and sometimes there is no alternate route.
Different technologies are there to detect traffic congestion and making congestion management more efficient. But these technologies have several drawbacks, such as installation problems, complexity, cost, etc. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an easier, efficient and inexpensive congestion detection technology. The ministry of heavy industries is considering a
proposal to make it mandatory to fit RFID-enabled devices in the cars manufactured in India. It is believed that RFID tags would help in traffic management as traffic violations by motorists could be tracked and all violations identified. Also, motorists
would get charged automatically as soon as they enter a toll area.
3. Use of satellite images, cameras, etc to monitor traffic.
The aerial traffic control system in Coimbatore has 180 fixed and speed-dome cameras at traffic signals and crowded places such as bus stands and markets. These are networked through dedicated optic fibre cables and wireless systems. The police monitor the signals on the LCD screens at the control room. The traffic police are also given GPRS-enabled hand-held devices to get information on a vehicle. When a constable on the road feeds the vehicle number in the device, it throws up all details of the vehicle and generates an e-challan if it has committed a violation.
4. ATIS (Automotive traffic information systems)
The idea is to shift traffic control from the conventional fixed street signals to the moving cars themselves. This will eliminate the problem of visibility cut-off of the driver from the traffic signal as the ATIS is been installed in the vehicle itself. This will enable the chauffer to acquire all the basic on-going traffic information. Also the alert system helps to grasp the attention of the chauffer towards the traffic information so as to reduce the chance of traffic delay, when the traffic light changes from amber to green colour. So the basic function, ATIS does is:
Intimates real- time traffic information.
Alerts the driver.
Installing ATIS in traffic control system of nation can provide chauffer with the basic detailed information regarding on-going traffic. This further can lead to the reduction in fuel consumption, pollution and delay at traffic signals.
Last, but not the least. Driving etiquettes, following traffic rules, using public transport instead of cars, or car-pooling, such old-school methods, if adapted by every individual, can contributed a lot towards better traffic management in India.